Selected country development indicators

Poverty in the Nile Basin Countries

Laborers from a land husbandry activity on steep hills. About 60% are women; Rwanda

No matter how it is defined (e.g. lack of adequate income/consumption capacity; lack of wealth/assets including shelter, clothing, production assets; capability deprivation – education, health, skills, information; deprivation of capacity to influence decisions, etc.) poverty is widespread, and socio-economic conditions are difficult for a large majority of the Nile basin population. For example, by income alone, more than 40% of the population of most of the Nile basin countries lives on less than the international poverty line of 1.25 dollar a day (in purchasing power parity terms) PPP. Population below PPP $1.25 a day shows the percentage of the population living below the international poverty line $1.25 (in purchasing power parity terms) a day. In five of the countries, the percentage of population below the PPP $ 1.25 a day is greater than 40 percent; greater than 60 percent in three countries. Tackling such extreme levels of poverty is a policy priority of all Nile Basin countries.