Irrigation in the Nile Basin

Water Withdrawal for Irrigation in the Nile Basin

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On average 82 Billion Cubic Meter (BCM) of water is withdrawn from Nile waters every year for irrigation where approximately 8.6 BCM is re-used drainage water in Egypt. An estimated 80% of the irrigation water abstraction in the Nile Basin occurs in Egypt followed by Sudan (about 17% of the total basin-wide abstraction for irrigation). The total abstraction for irrigation in the rest of the Nile Basin countries is estimated at 3%. In most countries, there are no appreciable deficits in meeting the total annual irrigation requirements. In few upstream countries, due to lack of adequate water storage facility, lower irrigation water demand satisfaction rate have been estimated.

Country Withdrawal requirement [MCM] Actual Withdrawal [MCM]
Burundi 28.9 28.7
DRC 0.0 0.0
Egypt 66551.5 66054.0
Ethiopia 2018.2 1500.9
Kenya 367.4 307.5
South Sudan 3.4 3.2
Rwanda 58.6 57.4
Sudan 13959.8 13921.6
Tanzania 102.2 63.4
Uganda 260.4 260.3
Total 83350.4 82197.0
Country Unmet Demand [MCM]
Burundi 0.132
DRC 0.000
Egypt 499.379
Ethiopia 517.336
Kenya 59.874
South Sudan 0.000
Rwanda 0.853
Sudan 38.258
Tanzania 38.821
Uganda 0.054
Total 1154.708

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