Current monitoring network

The Baro-Akobo-Sobat Nile Sub-basin

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The Baro-Akobo-Sobat sub-basin is shared by Ethiopia and South Sudan. Its major rivers are the Baro, Akobo and Pibor. The Baro, after joined by Akobo and Pibor makes the Sobat that flows to the northwest to join the Bahr el Jebel and eventually form the White Nile. The annual water yield of the Sobat is approximately 12- 13 x 109 m3. The reach of the Baro and Sobat downstream of Gambella town (in Ethiopia) is navigable. A key feature of the hydrology of the sub-basin is that its rivers (especially in the lower reaches) flow over flat surface with meandering patterns creating complex interactions with surrounding floodplains. The spill from the Baro river into the Machar marshes (in the White Nile Sub-basin) is one of naturally occurring transfer of water into a neighboring catchment.

Meteorological monitoring network

There are 78 meteorological stations in the sub-basin – all in Ethiopia. The distribution of the stations is shown in the map below. 17 stations are reported to measure the full range of meteorological parameters. Most stations are in the highlands with very few of the stations located in the lower plains of the sub-basin in Ethiopia.

No Name
1 U. Akobo Nr. Dima
2 Berhan Nr. Bebeka Farm
3 Gacheb Nr. Mizan Tefri
4 Begwuha Nr. Tepi
5 Bitinwuha Nr. Tepi
6 Beko(Shoha Nr. Tepi
7 Gengi Nr.Gecha
8 Gilo Nr. Pignudo
9 Awero at Dam/Dumbong Village
10 Upper Baro Nr. Masha
11 Gumero Nr.Gore
12 Bonga Nr. Bonga
13 Uka @ Uka
14 Baro @ Itang
15 Baro @ Bonga
16 Baro @ Gambella
17 Sore Nr. Metu
18 Agami Nr. Ashi
19 Geba Nr. Suppi
20 Eilika Nr. Supe
21 Meti Nr. Dembidolo
22 Keto Nr. Chanka
23 Cherecha Nr. Chanka
24 Merdefa Nr. Alem Teferi
25 Kuni Nr. Chanka
26 Birbir Nr. Yubdo
27 Ouwa Nr. Guliso
28 Doleib Hill

Hydrometric stations

There are 28 stations in the sub-basin (27 in Ethiopia and 1 in South Sudan). More than half of the stations in Ethiopia were established in 1980’s and, therefore, have short records. Breaks in records often pose additional challenges in using such short records. The hydrometric network of this sub-basin is far from adequate. The sub-basin, especially in its lower reaches exhibit highly complex hydrology in which the rivers at time bifurcate and join back the main stem and floodplains and swamps interact with the river flows. The Hydrometric network in this sub-basin requires strengthening with additional data collection through remote sensing to adequately understand the hydrology of the sub-basin.

No Name of Station
1 Abobo
2 Alge
3 Bure
4 Fugnido
5 Gambela
6 Hurumu
7 Jikawo (Lare)
8 Masha
9 Tepi
10 Aman
11 Jeba
12 Ayira
13 Dembidolo
14 Gimbi
15 Shebel
16 Gore
17 Abol
18 Aliyadora
19 Baro Bonga
20 Becho
21 Bitta Genet
22 Darimu (Dopa)
23 Eliadora
24 Fugo Leka
25 Gnignang
26 Gobe
27 Gog
28 Itang
29 Kidame Gebaya
30 Meko
31 Metu Hospital
32 Nopa
33 Puchala
34 Soretefasese
35 Supe
36 Tinishu Miti
37 Uka
38 Yadota
39 Yayo (Dorani)
40 Guraferda (Biftu)
41 Koy
42 Mizan  Teferi
43 Alemteferi
44 Dengoro
45 Gidame
46 Guliso
47 Lalo Kelle
48 Mechara
49 Mugi
50 Nolekaba
51 Qaqi
52 Seko Humbi
53 Yubdo
54 Bechi
55 Bilambilo
56 Bontu
57 Chora
58 Dega
59 Didu Gordomo
60 Dippa
61 Fide
62 Gecha
63 Gubete
64 Kura
65 Menko Lencho
66 Sibo
67 Wetete (TP)
68 Yeki
69 Yembo
70 Ermichi
71 Shewa Gimira
72 Yina
73 Chanka
74 Enango
75 Figakobra
76 Kebe
77 Rob Gebeya (Kel)
78 Lare
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